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Knowledgebase: SSL Validation FAQs
Alternative Methods of Domain Control Validation (DCV)

All Comodo certificates must pass through DCV (Domain Control Validation) before they are issued. DCV is a mechanism used to prove ownership or control of a registered domain name.

There are 3 mechanisms for DCV:

  1. eMail-based DCV (Traditional)

    You will be sent an email to an administrative contact for your domain. The email will contain a unique validation code and link. Clicking the link and entering the code will prove domain control.

    Valid email addresses are:
    Any email address which our system can scrape from a port 43 whois check;

    The following generic admin type email addresses @ the domain for which the certificate is being applied:
    admin@
    administrator@
    postmaster@
    hostmaster@
    webmaster@

  2. DNS CNAME-based

    The CSR you submit to Comodo will be hashed. The hash values are provided to you and must be entered as a DNS CNAME record for your domain.

    The hashes are to be entered as follows:

    <Value of MD5 hash of CSR>.yourdomain.com. CNAME <value of SHA1 hash of CSR>.comodoca.com.


    Note: Please take notice the trailing period/fullstop at the tail end of each of the TLDs as this is required to make the entry fully-qualified.

    Note2: yourdomain.com in the example above (and below in the HTTP(S) method instructions) means the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) contained in the certificate. If you are ordering a MDC or UCC certificate, separate CNAME records must be created for EACH FQDN in your order.

    Examples:
    <Value of MD5 hash of CSR>.subdomain1.yourdomain.com. CNAME <value of SHA1 hash of CSR>.comodoca.com.
    <Value of MD5 hash of CSR>.subdomain2.yourdomain.com. CNAME <value of SHA1 has of CSR>.comodoca.com.

  3. HTTP(S)-based DCV

    The CSR you submit to Comodo will be hashed. The hash values are provided to you and you must create a simple plain-text file and place this in the root of your webserver and served over HTTP-only!

    The file and it's content should be as follows:
    http://yourdomain.com/<Upper case value of MD5 hash of CSR>.txt

    Content (as a plain text file):

    <Value of SHA1 hash of CSR>
    comodoca.com

    Note: The DCV will fail if any redirection is in place.

    Note 2: yourdomain.com in the example above (and in the CNAME method instructions; above) means the Fully Qualifed Domain Name (FQDN) contained in the certificate. If you are ordering a MDC or UCC, each FQDN in the certificate MUST have the TXT file in place in its root folder.

    Examples:
         subdomain1.yourdomain.com/<Value of MD5 hash of CSR>.txt
         subdomain2.yourdomain.com/<Value of MD5 hash of CSR>.txt

Additional Information

In the event that you were not provided with your CSR hashes, then you may use our Online CSR Decoder.

We recommend using the follow settings before clicking the Decode button:

* Uncheck Show Empty Fields
* Check Show CSR Hashes

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